Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore Biography

Posted by | Vishnu Das on | November 28, 2023

Date of Birth

7 / May / 1861


163 Years


Writer, song composer, playwright, essayist, painter

Rabindranath Tagore, also known as Bengali Rabīndranāth Ṭhākur, was born on May 7, 1861, in Calcutta (now Kolkata), India. His age is 80 years old.He was a multifaceted personality, excelling as a poet, writer, playwright, composer, philosopher, social reformer, and painter. While he received his education at home, he was sent to England for formal schooling when he turned seventeen, although he didn’t complete his studies there.

Rabindranath Tagore Biography, Age, Wife, Family and More

During his later years, alongside his diverse literary endeavors, Rabindranath Tagore took on the responsibility of managing the family estates. This involvement brought him closer to the lives of ordinary people and fueled his passion for social reforms. Affectionately referred to as Gurudev, Kabiguru, and Biswakabi, his songs became widely popular and came to be known as Rabindrasangeet.

Rabindranath Tagore Family

Rabindranath Tagore’s father purchased a vast tract of land for contemplation purposes and named it Santiniketan. Due to the early loss of his mother and his father’s frequent travels; he was primarily cared for by servants and maids during his upbringing. His grandfather, Dwarkanath Tagore, was a wealthy landlord and a champion of social reform. Additionally, his sister, Swarnakumari, pursued a career as a novelist. Among his siblings, Rabindranath Tagore was the youngest son, part of a family of thirteen children.

Rabindranath Tagore Father Pic

Rabindranath Tagore Father Pic

Rabindranath Tagore Sister and Brother Pic

Rabindranath Tagore Sister and Brother Pic

Rabindranath Tagore Wife Pic

Rabindranath Tagore Wife Pic

Rabindranath Tagore Son Pic

Rabindranath Tagore Son Pic

Rabindranath Tagore Childhood Pic

Rabindranath Tagore Childhood Pic


Rabindranath Tagore’s formal education commenced in Brighton, East Sussex, England, he attended a public school. Subsequently, he gained admission to the University College of London, where he embarked on legal studies as per the requirements. During his time there, he also delved into the rich literature and music traditions of England, Ireland, and Scotland. Upon returning to India, Tagore tied the knot with Mrinalini Devi.

Wife and children

Rabindranath Tagore was indeed married to Mrinalini Devi. Together, they had five children.

Rabindranath Tagore Died

He passed away on August 7, 1941, at the age of 80, in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, which was then under British rule in India.

The early life of Rabindranath Tagore

Born on May 7, 1861, in Calcutta, Rabindranath Tagore was the youngest son of Debendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi. He not only made significant contributions as a poet, writer, and philosopher but also played a pivotal role as a cultural reformer. He challenged the boundaries that confined Bengali art to classical Indian forms, bringing about modifications that revitalized it. Tagore hailed from a family with a notable social reformer as his grandfather, Dwarkanath Tagore, who was also a wealthy landlord.

Establishment of Santiniketan

Rabindranath Tagore’s father, Debendranath Tagore, acquired a large expanse of land in Santiniketan. In 1863, Debendranath Tagore established an ‘Ashram’ on that land. Later, in 1901, Rabindranath Tagore himself founded an open-air school within the premises. This school, known as ‘The Mandir,’ featured a prayer hall with marble flooring. It was also referred to as ‘Patha Bhavana’ and initially had just five students.

Literary Works

During his teenage years, Rabindranath Tagore began to craft short stories. While he had already embarked on his writing journey at a young age, his desire to create a greater volume of literary works grew stronger after the tragic loss of his wife and children. Among his extensive collection of stories, several have gained significant acclaim. Some of his most renowned short stories include “Kabuliwala,” “Kshudita Pashan,” “Atottju,” “Haimanti,” and “Musalmanir Golpo,” among many others.

Awards & Achievements

November 14, 1913, marked a momentous occasion for Rabindranath Tagore as he was awarded the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature. This recognition was a testament to his extraordinary and revolutionary contributions to the world of literature. Tagore’s literary genius reshaped the landscape of Bengali literature and propelled it into new realms.

Growing Years and Career

Rabindranath Tagore, affectionately known as Gurudev, Kabiguru, and Biswakabi, displayed remarkable literary talent from a young age. At the tender age of eight, he wrote his first poem, setting the stage for his extraordinary literary journey. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Tagore reshaped Bengali literature, music, and Indian art through his innovative approach known as Contextual Modernism. While Tagore received his education at home, he was sent to England for formal schooling when he turned seventeen. However, he did not complete his studies there. Despite this, his thirst for knowledge and his passion for literature remained undeterred. By the age of sixteen, one of Tagore’s short stories titled “Bhanusimha” was published, showcasing his burgeoning talent as a writer.

Original poetry in Bengali

Bengali title Transliterated title Translated title Year
ভানুসিংহ ঠাকুরের পদাবলী Bhānusiṃha Ṭhākurer Paḍāvalī Songs of Bhānusiṃha Ṭhākur 1884
মানসী Manasi The Ideal One 1890
সোনার তরী Sonar Tari The Golden Boat 1894
গীতাঞ্জলি Gitanjali Song Offerings 1910
গীতিমাল্য Gitimalya Wreath of Songs 1914
বলাকা Balaka The Flight of Cranes 1916

Original dramas in Bengali

Bengali title Transliterated title Translated title Year
বাল্মিকী প্রতিভা Valmiki-Pratibha The Genius of Valmiki 1881
কালমৃগয়া Kal-Mrigaya The Fatal Hunt 1882
মায়ার খেলা Mayar Khela The Play of Illusions 1888
বিসর্জন Visarjan The Sacrifice 1890
চিত্রাঙ্গদা Chitrangada Chitrangada 1892
রাজা Raja The King of the Dark Chamber 1910
ডাকঘর Dak Ghar The Post Office 1912
অচলায়তন Achalayatan The Immovable 1912
মুক্তধারা Muktadhara The Waterfall 1922
রক্তকরবী Raktakarabi Red Oleanders 1926
চণ্ডালিকা Chandalika The Untouchable Girl 1933

Original fiction in Bengali

Bengali title Transliterated title Translated title Year
নষ্টনীড় Nastanirh The Broken Nest 1901
গোরা Gora Fair-Faced 1910
ঘরে বাইরে Ghare Baire The Home and the World 1916
যোগাযোগ Yogayog Crosscurrents 1929

Original nonfiction in Bengali

Bengali title Transliterated title Translated title Year
জীবনস্মৃতি Jivansmriti My Reminiscences 1912
ছেলেবেলা Chhelebela My Boyhood Days 1940

Works in English

Title Year
Thought Relics 1921


English translations

Year Work
1914 Chitra
1922 Creative Unity
1913 The Crescent Moon
1917 The Cycle of Spring
1928 Fireflies
1916 Fruit-Gathering
1916 The Fugitive
1913 The Gardener
1912 Gitanjali: Song Offerings
1920 Glimpses of Bengal
1921 The Home and the World
1916 The Hungry Stones
1991 I Won’t Let you Go: Selected Poems
1914 The King of the Dark Chamber
2012 Letters from an Expatriate in Europe
2003 The Lover of God
1918 Mashi
1928 My Boyhood Days
1917 My Reminiscences
1917 Nationalism
1914 The Post Office
1913 Sadhana: The Realisation of Life
1997 Selected Letters
1994 Selected Poems
1991 Selected Short Stories
1915 Songs of Kabir
1916 The Spirit of Japan
1918 Stories from Tagore
1916 Stray Birds
1913 Vocation
1921 The Wreck

Net Worth

Net Worth $1 million and $5 million dollars

Rabindranath Tagore and His Last Days

Rabindranath Tagore’s final years were marked by immense suffering as he battled through two prolonged illnesses. The place he held closest to his heart, his childhood home in Jorasanko, became the setting for the last four years of his life. In 1937, he slipped into a comatose state, which recurred after three years. Despite enduring an extended period of pain, Tagore remained in his beloved Jorasanko home.


Color Red Black
Food vegetables
Drink Tea
Actor/Actress Primarily
Songs Ei Kathati Mone Rekho
Movies Geet Gaata Chal
Hobbies Future Prediction

Check Also: Chris Gayle

Body Measurements Chest: 44 Waist: 33 Biceps: 19
Birth Place Calcutta, British India
Children 5
Eye Color Black
Hair Color White
Height In CM 172 CM
Height In Meter 1.72m M
Nationality India
Parents Father : Debendranath Tagore Mother : Sarada Devi
Profession Writer, song composer, playwright, essayist, painter
Siblings Brothers: N/A Sister: N/A
Spous Mrinalini Devi
Weight N/A
Zodiac Sign Taurus


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